A Study to Establish a Representative Disability Performing Arts Company through Government Support
[수시연구 2017-08 장애인 대표 공연예술단체 육성 지원 방안_전병태]
1. Disability arts, arts and disability
1) Disability arts
Disability arts has been defined as : work produced by disabled people reflecting their cultural, personal and or political experience of disability, or work produced within a disability-specific arts setting. Historically, disable people have had little visibility in arts and cultural practice. However, in more recent years disability arts has sought to reaffirm the value of disabled people in the arts. Some disabled artists and performers have aimed to celebrate the practice of disability arts and culture by reflecting many of the negative aspects of disabled people's experiences back onto the society that has produced them.
2) Arts and disability
Arts and disability is more generally defined as : the process of supporting disabled peoples' participation in the arts. The term 'disability' covers an extraordinarily diverse group of people, from all sectors of society. Arts/culture by disabled people can explore the experience of disability. A characteristic in the emergence of disability arts has been the 'coming out' of disabled people. During the last ten years or so, disabled people demonstrated that there is much to celebrate about disabled people's lives. For example, institutions such as 'Cultural Community of Disabled Women in Korea' have given disabled artists confidence to take on new initiatives that have, and will continue to break down barriers to disabled people's inclusion in the arts/culture.
2. the aim of this study
This study is primarily concerned with enhancing disability performing arts through the establishment of a new performing arts theatre supported by the central government. Many disabled people find it impossible to take part in the rich, artistic and cultural life of the country, as participants, artists or audience members, due to a range of barriers
- physical, economic, emotional to name just a few
- which result from society's attitudes and responses to their impairments. Even with the implementation of the 'Disability Discrimination Act in 2007, many disabled people are still actively dissuaded from accessing the arts by the reception they receive. In this social context, this study aims to:
○ ensure that all disabled people have the best possible access to performing arts practice in this country as both artists and participants.
○ support and promote disability performing arts which is made by disabled people and reflects the experience if being disabled While conducting this study, in my consultation with disabled people so far, they have told me what they want:
○ to be valued and appreciated for the skills and talents they bring to the performing arts
○ their views as disabled artists, employees, participants and audience members to be respected
○ to be engaged with as equals
○ to see investment in their artistic growth and professional development in the performing arts sector
3. policy suggestions In order to satisfy what they want in the perfroming arts world in Korea, this study would like to make some policy suggestions below.
○ In order to open a legal base, it is urgent to amend part of 'Arts and Culture Promotion Act', and to enact an obligatory provision of the allocation of the money to facilitate the performing arts practice of disabled artists.
○ It is necessary to guarantee disabled people's right to access to the performing arts, and to ensure rooms for their right for the performing arts practice.
○ It is necessary to offer them the equal opportunity to receive arts education on an equal right basis.
○ To promote their performing arts practices and consolidation, and to help the disabled artists exchange their information more freely, it is necessary to provide a financial support for the establishment of a representative performing arts theatre.
○ To deal with the suggestions mentioned above more effectively, it is necessary to set up a tentative cooperative committee in Culture Sport and Tourism Ministry